Cesium Iodide (CsI)-Sputtering Target introduce:
Caesium iodide or cesium iodide (chemical formula CsI) is the ionic compound of caesium and iodine. It is often used as the input phosphor of an X-ray image intensifier tube found in fluoroscopy equipment. Caesium iodide photocathodes are highly efficient at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths.
Molar mass：259.809 g/mol
Appearance：white crystalline solid
Melting point：632 °C (1,170 °F; 905 K)
Boiling point：1,280 °C (2,340 °F; 1,550 K)
Solubility in water：848 g/L (25 °C)
Magnetic susceptibility (χ)：-82.6·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD)：1.9790 (0.3 µm)
1.7873 (0.59 µm)
1.7694 (0.75 µm)
1.7576 (1 µm)
1.7428 (5 µm)
1.7280 (20 µm)
Crystal structure：CsCl, cP2
An important application of caesium iodide crystals, which are scintillators, is electromagnetic calorimetry in experimental particle physics. Pure CsI is a fast and dense scintillating material with relatively low light yield that increases significantly with cooling. It shows two main emission components: one in the near ultraviolet region at the wavelength of 310 nm and one at 460 nm. The drawbacks of CsI are a high temperature gradient and a slight hygroscopicity.
Caesium iodide is used as a beamsplitter in Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers. It has a wider transmission range than the more common potassium bromide beamsplitters, working range into the far infrared. However, optical-quality CsI crystals are very soft and hard to cleave or polish. They should also be coated (typically with germanium) and stored in a desiccator, to minimize interaction with atmospheric water vapors.
In addition to image intensifier input phosphors, caesium iodide is often also used in medicine as the scintillating material in flat panel x-ray detectors.
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