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Lithium perchlorate trihydrate (LiClO4·3H2O )- Crystalline

Lithium perchlorate trihydrate (LiClO4·3H2O )- Crystalline

CAS: 13453-78-6
Molecular Formula: LiClO4·3H2O
Purity: 99%
Products Code: TR031708010800CY
Specification Model: -100 Mesh
Hazardous Class: Class 5.1
EINECS No.: 232-237-2
UN No.: UN1481
Package Class: PGII
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Lithium perchlorate trihydrate (LiClO4·3H2O )- Crystalline introduce:

Characteristic




Lithium perchlorate is the inorganic compound with the formula LiClO4. This white or colourless crystalline salt is noteworthy for its high solubility in many solvents. It exists both in anhydrous form and as a trihydrate.




Chemical formula:LiClO4

Molar mass:106.39 g/mol (anhydrous);160.44 g/mol (trihydrate)

Appearance:white crystals

Odor:odorless

Density:2.42 g/cm3

Melting point:236 °C (457 °F; 509 K)

Boiling point:430 °C (806 °F; 703 K);decomposes from 400 °C

Solubility in water:42.7 g/100 mL (0 °C);49 g/100 mL (10 °C);59.8 g/100 mL (25 °C);71.8 g/100 mL (40 °C);119.5 g/100 mL (80 °C);300 g/100 g (120 °C)

Solubility:soluble in alcohol, ethyl acetate

Solubility in acetone:137 g/100 g

Solubility in alcohol:1.82 g/g (0 °C, in CH3OH);1.52 g/g (0 °C, in C2H5OH);1.05 g/g (25 °C, in C3H7OH);0.793 g/g (0 °C, in C4H9OH)




Application




Lithium perchlorate is used as an oxygen source for chemical oxygen generators, as it liberates oxygen at high temperatures. Excellent solubility of lithium perchlorate permits its use in Diels-Alder reactions. It is also employed in lithium-ion batteries as an electrolyte, and act as chaotropic agent to denature proteins. It is used in the Baylis-Hillman reaction as a catalyst in the coupling of alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with aldehydes.
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