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Take you to understand the basic process of 3D printing

2024-04-01 08:49:50  News

3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, is a technology that creates three-dimensional entities by stacking materials layer by layer.

From its inception in the 1980s, 3D printing technology has made tremendous progress and has been widely used in many fields. This article will introduce the basic process of 3D printing in detail to help readers understand this magical manufacturing technology.

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1. Design stage

The first step in 3D printing is to design the three-dimensional model to be printed. Designers can use professional 3D modeling software, such as SolidWorks, AutoCAD, etc., to create models according to actual needs. During the design process, designers need to consider the size, structure, materials, and other factors of the model to ensure that the printed object has sufficient strength and aesthetics.

After completing the design, the designer needs to save the model in a file format recognized by the 3D printing device, such as STL or OBJ. These file formats contain the three-dimensional coordinate information and surface structure of the model, providing basic data for the subsequent printing process.

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2. Slicing processing

Before importing the designed 3D model into the 3D printer, it needs to be sliced. Slicing software cuts the 3D model into a series of thin slices, with each slice representing a cross-section of the model at a certain height. These slice files contain information about the shape, size and height of each layer during the printing process, as well as the type and thickness of material required for printing.

Slicing software can also optimize models to reduce printing time and material consumption. For example, the software can automatically repair minor defects in the model and adjust the model's support structure to improve print quality and stability.

3. Print preparation

After completing the slicing process, you can start preparing for printing. First, you need to import the slice file into the 3D printer. Different 3D printers may have different operating interfaces and import methods, and users need to follow the printer's instructions.

Next, you need to choose the appropriate printing material. There are several types of 3D printing materials, including plastics, metals, ceramics, etc. Users need to choose appropriate materials based on the use and requirements of the model. At the same time, you also need to check whether the printer's nozzle, heating element and other components are working properly to ensure the smooth progress of the printing process.

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4. Printing process

The printing process is the core part of the entire 3D printing process. During the printing process, the printer's nozzle accumulates materials layer by layer according to the information in the slice file and gradually builds a three-dimensional entity. Depending on the material and printer chosen, the printing process can take several hours or even days.

During the printing process, users need to pay close attention to the operating status of the printer. Once a fault or problem occurs, timely measures should be taken to deal with it to avoid affecting the printing quality and progress.

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5. Post-processing

After printing is completed, the printed objects need to be post-processed. First, the support structures needed to support the overhanging aspects of the model during the printing process need to be removed. Care must be taken to avoid damaging the surface of the model when removing support structures.

Next, the model can be polished, painted, etc., to improve its surface quality and aesthetics. In addition, performance testing of the model, such as strength, hardness and other indicators, is also required to ensure that it meets the design requirements.

Supplier

Kmpass is a high-tech enterprise committed to the research and development, production, processing, sales and technical services of 3D printing materials. The company develops a variety of powder materials and chemicals. Provide OEM service. If you need high quality 3D printing powder, please feel free to contact us.