Stainless steel 416 is one of the most common stainless alloys that are heat treated. During the heat treating process, the material undergoes a series of changes that permanently alter the crystalline structure of the metal. This treatment provides the material with increased strength, hardness, and resistance to warping and oxidation. The metal also has a good machinability and wear resistance.
Stainless steel 416 is an alloy of chromium, silicon, and sulfur. The addition of sulphur increases the machinability of the metal. However, it lowers the corrosion resistance of the metal. This metal is not suitable for environments with high chlorides or sulfuric chemicals.
Although 416 steel has excellent machinability, it should not be used for vessels that are subjected to high pressures. This type of steel is also not recommended for parts that contain liquids or gases.
416 stainless steel has high hardness and wear resistance. This metal can also be milled, drilled, and tempered. This material is also available in rod and wire forms. It is often used in applications requiring good strength and corrosion resistance. It is widely used in pump parts and electrical motors. It is also used in the food industry.
Stainless steel 416 is resistant to atmospheric conditions and has high resistance to acids, alkalis, and other chemicals. However, it is not recommended for use in sub-zero temperatures. The metal is also less ductile than other stainless steel types. In addition, it may crack under high deformation.