titanium aluminum carbide (Ti3AlC2) is a nano-layer ceramic material that has attracted a lot of attention from materials scientists and physicists due to its unique properties. It is a hexagonal system with both metal and ceramic properties: it has the same electrical and thermal conductivity as metals, but it also has a high elastic modulus similar to ceramics and excellent high temperature mechanical properties.
Ti3AlC2 is a highly versatile MAX phase that is used in a variety of applications, including high-temperature coatings, MXene precursors, and conductive self-lubricating ceramics. It is also a good choice for lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors and electrochemical catalysis.
Ti3AlC2, a MAX phase of titanium aluminum carbide, is a promising precursor for generating MXenes from TiC by microwave-assisted selective etching. It is a versatile material for the production of MXenes, and can be produced from different morphologies in a short period of time.
MXenes are an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors, with superior energy density and low impedance. They are characterized by a combination of the metallic conductivity of transition metal carbides with the hydrophilic nature of their hydroxyl or oxygen terminated surfaces.
Using a combustion-synthesized titanium aluminum carbide as a carbon source, MXenes have been successfully synthesized in a self-sustaining regime. Different ternary phases were formed, and the reaction conditions were investigated.
CVD synthesis of titanium aluminum carbide has numerous applications, such as coatings for cutting tools and tool heads that can last for a long time. It has many advantages over other carbide-based compounds, such as abrasion resistance, corrosion resistance, and higher endurance.